|At the Papal-Bourbon frontier.|
At left, Falvaterra, with the crossed keys and the year the marker was installed.
At right, San Giovanni Incarico, with the fleur-de-lys and the number of the marker.
I discovered that there is no one response.
To say that Lazio does not belong to the South is too simplistic. Historically, many towns in Lazio were part of the South. But on the other hand, to define the South strictly according to the Bourbon borders – i.e., the borders of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies – is too simplistic in another way. It excludes Sardinia. And it excludes Pontecorvo and Benevento, two Papal enclaves. How can you say that Benevento isn't in the South?
Therefore, I decided that my definition of the South will be: all of the land that is south of the northern border of the Two Sicilies, plus Sardinia.
But where is this border?
It's a little complicated. To draw this border, we have to dissect the provinces of Latina, Frosinone, and Rieti.
Let's start on the Mediterranean side. Sperlonga is a coastal town about 15 km west of Gaeta. Bordering Sperlonga on the west is another coastal town, Terracina. Terracina always resisted French domination and remained part of the Papal States. Therefore, we know where to begin our border: between Terracina and Sperlonga.
|Isola del Liri, the Great Waterfall|
After Carsoli, we leave Abruzzo and re-enter Lazio. Once again, the border becomes complicated, dissecting the province of Rieti. After Tufo Alto (a frazione of Carsoli), the first town we reach is Pescorocchiano. (The three towns in Rieti west of Carsoli – Turania, Collalto Sabino, and Nespolo – were all Papal.) From Pescorocchiano we arrive at Fiamignano, Petrella Salto, Cittaducale, Lugnano, Cantalice, Pian de’ Valli, and Leonessa – all towns in Rieti. (West of Leonessa is Rivodutri, a Papal town.)
Photo: © Simone Telari (Flickr.com)
At the coast we are at Martinsicuro. North of us is Porto d’Ascoli, a Papal town.
|Map © Leonardo Ciampa|